Canadian Parliament Adopts Srebrenica Genocide Resolution

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Institute for the Research of Genocide Canada

Statements by prominent experts in international law, humanists and statesmen regarding the Conservative Party of Canada refusal to allow an all-party Motion M - 416 on the Srebrenica genocide in Canadian Parliament

Institute for the Research of Genocide Canada
Published: July 1, 2010  

The Conservative Party of Canada refuse to allow an all-party Motion M - 416 on the Srebrenica genocide in Canadian Parliament. Mr. Brian Masse, Member of the Canadian Parliament, had worked on that motion together with the Congress of North American Bosniaks, Canadian Branch and the Institute for Research of Genocide Canada very diligently reached agreement with the NDP, the BQ and the Liberal Party. We had hoped to have Conservative Party agreement (and we are led to believe that Foreign Affairs Minister was in agreement with it) but the Prime Minister’s Office ultimately declined to give all-party agreement.

Robert Oliphant, Member of the Canadian Parliament tabled a Private Member Bill C – 533 on the same topic.

The Congress of North American Bosniaks, Canadian Branch and the Institute for Research of Genocide Canada hope that it will both stimulate discussion and ultimately lead to a Canadian recognition of this painful genocide.

The three different international courts ruling and determining the genocide took place in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992-1995: the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, the International Court of Justice, and the European Court of Human Rights.

Canadian government has yet to pass a resolution to commemorate the Srebrenica genocide as many other countries – including the United States and members of the European Union – already did. The Congress of North American Bosniaks, Canadian Branch and the Institute for Research of Genocide Canada strongly believe that this horrific violation of human rights needs to be recognized and remembered as genocide in Canada so as to decrease the chances of a similar war crimes occurring elsewhere in the world.


Brian Masse, Member of the Canadian Parliament and sponsor Resolution M – 416 about the genocide in Srebrenica

It is with great regret to inform that the Motion M – 416 was not brought forward. Minister of Foreign affairs of Canada Mr. Lawrence Cannon and the Canadian Government have ensured Canada will not a motion in time for the 15th Anniversary of the Srebrenica Genocide. Be assured that although we did not get our objective it has been a worthwhile campaign. Although this is a sad day, we are not voiceless. Thanks for all the hard work, we will put out a more formal email later. M-416 is still to be voted on in the House of Commons. What was under consideration was a unanimous consent of the motion, that the Prime Minister vetoed. The actual vote still has to be scheduled to take place in the House of Commons in the upcoming sessions.

I am not going to Bosnia for the memorial events since the motion did not pass yet and it would be unacceptable to have to explain Canada’s embarrassment to the world during this important time of remembrance. Both Brian and I would like to go to Bosnia at another time”.

Robert Oliphant, Member of the Canadian Parliament and sponsor Bill C – 533 - Srebrenica Remembrance Day Act

It is never too late to start officially remembering the horrendous atrocities that took place in Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1992 and 1995. Following in the steps of the European Parliament and the U.S. Senate, I believe it is fitting to commemorate the lives of the thousands of men, women, and children who were killed in this terrible massacre. Understanding the importance of a Srebrenica Remembrance Day to Canada, and especially to its Bosniak community, I support this motion. I would like to thank you again for bringing this issue to my attention. If you have any further questions or concerns, please do not hesitate to contact me again.

I am pleased this morning to introduce a bill that seeks to establish a national Srebrenica remembrance day to be held every July 11. I thank my colleague the hon. member for Vancouver East for seconding the bill. In July 1995, an estimated 8,000 Bosniak men and boys were massacred in the Srebrenica region of Bosnia and Herzegovina, a UN declared safe area by Bosnian Serb forces. This was the largest mass murder in Europe since World War II. Both the appeals chamber of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and the International Court of Justice ruled that the Srebrenica massacre was genocide. In addition, resolutions condemning the massacre have been passed by the European Parliament and the American House of Representatives and Senate.This past March, the president of Serbia issued a full state apology and endorsed the ruling of the International Court of Justice. Recognizing the devastating effects of the July 1995 Srebrenica genocide, this bill would provide the opportunity for all Canadians to stand with those in the Bosnian Canadian community to share in their pain and honour the memory of those men and boys massacred.As we approach the 15th anniversary of this massacre, I hope this bill will serve as a step in the right direction which will ultimately provide some semblance of comfort to the survivors of this genocide and to the Bosnian community here in Canada. May the memory of those lost never be forgotten”.

Francine Lalonde, Member of the Canadian Parliament, Foreign Affairs Spokesperson for Bloc Québécois

The Bloc Québécois recognizes the importance both for Quebec, Canada, for the international community to commemorate the horrific and tragic events in Srebrenica in July 1995. Nearly 8,000 Bosnian Muslims were killed there summarily executed by members of the Bosnian Serb militias and paramilitary units. Many violations of the Geneva Conventions were perpetrated there, particularly the deportation of thousands of women, children and elderly persons and the rape of many women. Any process of healing and reconciliation begins first and foremost duty of memory. The international community has a responsibility to learn from these events, described as “genocide” by the International Court of Justice in order to prevent their recurrence and to enable to realize the necessary national reconciliation Bosnia-Herzegovina. That is why the Bloc Québécois supports the establishment of a Day of Remembrance events in Srebrenica. More than 60 years after the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, ratified by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 9 and December 10, 1948, the international community must continue to ensure that full light be shed on the events in Srebrenica. This review atrocities committed during the conflicts in former Yugoslavia is still not completed but it is essential to any lasting peace in the region and essential for the establishment of a genuine process of justice. Please be assured that the Bloc Québécois will continue to monitor this issue and seek to ensure that the Harper government contributes to ongoing efforts by the international community for stability, peace and lasting reconciliation in this region the heavy past”.

Marlene Jennings, Member of the Canadian Parliament

Without hesitation, we Liberals have labelled these massacres as genocides because. For racial, ethnic, religious or political reasons, certain countries sought to annihilate these populations in violation of their right to live. Canadians lost family members in these genocides. It is our responsibility to recognize the memory of these victims as well reflects on the senselessness of these sadistic atrocities. Canada must serve as an example to the world that all peoples, regardless of their colour, ethnicity, or religion can live with dignity and respect. Under previous Liberal governments, Canada was able to establish itself as a respected leader in the protection of human rights internationally and let me reassure you that the Liberal Party of Canada stands committed to protecting humans rights worldwide. In this spirit, let me reiterate you my support for this initiative to have Canada recognize and declare July 11th, Srebrenica Remembrance Day”.

Hon. Bob Rae, Member of the Canadian Parliament

It is never too late to start officially remembering the awful atrocities that took place in Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1992 and 1995. Understanding the importance of such a remembrance day to Canada, and especially its Bosniak community, I will be happy to support the motion in Parliament. I would like to thank you for bringing this to our attention

Christian Schwarz-Schilling

Thank you so much for sending me the press release on Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s rejection of the crime of genocide in Srebrenica. I am equally appalled by the Prime Minister’s stand and blindness on this issue. I fully support the content of the press release by the congress of North American Bosniaks, Canadian Branch, the Institute for Research of Genocide”.

Professor Mark Attila Hoare

‘Prime Minister Harper’s veto of the Canadian parliament’s Srebrenica resolution is disgraceful, given Canada’s ignominious role in the Bosnian war, but ultimately, a genocide is not proven or disproven by the resolutions of politicians or parliaments. The fact that genocide occurred at Srebrenica in 1995 has been established by two international courts - the ICJ and the ICTY. Whether or not particular politicians or parliaments recognise the genocide makes no difference to this reality.’

Professor Francis A. Boyle, Attorney for the Mothers of Srebrenica and Podrinja

Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper has now become an Accessory After the Fact to the International Crime of Genocide at Srebrenica despite the fact that Canada is a contracting party to the 1948 Genocide Convention. So much for the promise “Never Again!” in Canada”.

David Pettigrew, PhD, Professor of Philosophy, Southern Connecticut State University, USA.

MP Brian Masse (Windsor-West), reports that Prime Minister Stephen Harper has stated that he will not support any resolution commemorating Srebrenica if the resolution includes the term “genocide”. If this is indeed the case, then we must raise the following protestation. The murder of more than 8,000 Bosniak civilians at Srebrenica in July 1995 has in fact been deemed “genocide” by two international courts: The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and The International Court of Justice. Moreover, among the perpetrators of the heinous acts at Srebrenica, there have been two convictions for genocide and two convictions for “aiding and abetting” genocide. Hence, it is patently clear that one cannot speak of the tragedy known as Srebrenica without also speaking of genocide. Indeed, in its recent June 10, 2021 judgment in the case of Popović et al., the ICTY stated that “The scale and nature of the murder operation, with the staggering number of killings, the systematic and organised manner in which it was carried out, the targeting and relentless pursuit of the victims, and the plain intention—apparent from the evidence—to eliminate every Bosnian Muslim male who was captured or surrendered proves beyond reasonable doubt that this was genocide.” We trust, therefore, that the right honourable Mr. Stephen Joseph Harper, Prime Minister of Canada, will be sensitive to the fact that those who were the very victims of the eliminationist goals of the leadership of Republika Srpska, as well as of its military staff, would be deeply troubled to know that a leader of an advanced democratic country, in which truth and justice are ideals held by all, and in which the rule of law is respected, would not publically recognize the documented crime of genocide that had been directed against their persons, their communities, their culture, and indeed against their historical existence and memory as such. Further, we trust that the right honourable Mr. Stephen Joseph Harper, Prime Minister of Canada will concur that the juridical and political recognition of the crime of genocide is an indispensable step on the path to justice and reconciliation in post-conflict, post-genocide societies such as Bosnia. The Prime Minister’s hesitation in this regard, could, albeit unintentionally, support and encourage those who engage in genocide denial. A majority of members comprising the spectrum of political parties represented in the Parliament of Canada, have pledged their support for a motion recognizing the 11th of July as the day of remembrance of the victims of genocide in Srebrenica. The Honourable Lawrence Cannon Minister of Foreign Affairs has also recommended adoption of the motion. As we approach the 15th anniversary of the genocide at Srebrenica, an anniversary that will see the burial of nearly eight hundred victims whose bodies have been reclaimed through the painstaking process of exhumation from mass graves, we beseech the right honourable Mr. Stephen Joseph Harper, Prime Minister of Canada, to reconsider his position with respect to Motion 146 declaring July 11th Srebrenica Remembrance Day”.

Nader Hashemi, Professor of Middle East and Islamic Politics Josef Korbel School of International Studies; University of Denver CO, USA

Prime Minister Stephen Harper is a politician. His primary loyalty is to his own career. If he feels he has the support of powerful interest groups that will advance his personal agenda and that of his political party he will support anything. Note his outrageous position on the Israel-Palestine conflict where often he sounds more hawkish than Netanyahu. In my view this position, is drive by political calculations rooted in who has political clout and power in Canadian society. Nothing more”.

Safia Soliman, Community Development Consultant , UK

Since the cessation of war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, instigated by the signing of the Dayton Accords:

a) it has been a well documented and publicized fact that the systematic crimes of genocide WERE carried out against Bosniaks / Bosnians / Herzegovinians between 1992 and 1995;

b) some of those who perpetrated the genocidal ‘crimes against humanity’ in BiH were actually tried very publicly and found guilty in the Hague;

c) the excavation of some of the many ‘mass graves’ in the region containing Bosniaks remains, (by appropriate expert members of the International Community), were also well documented and publicized;

d) large numbers of young people who were born as a result of rape are the living proof of that particular crime, and will bear the scars of their heritage - possibly for their lifetime (they will also carry DNA of therapists who sired them as well as their mothers’);

e) the recognition of a ‘Remembrance Day’ for all the victims of Srebrenica in BiH (be they those who perished so cruelly or those who survived it all), ought not, then, to cause any difficulty for any state (or its political representative) who is currently a signatory to International Human Rights.

f) it would be pertinent therefore, for the Congress of North American Bosniaks, Canadian Branch

Institute for Research of Genocide Canada, to respectfully request of Canada’s Prime Minister that he professionally and publicly declare his reasoning for NOT supporting the establishment of such a day of recognition and remembrance regarding the genocide inflicted upon the people of Srebrenica - especially and particularly in the light that many members of Canada’s national and local government supported such a motion.

g) “Human Rights” (and their applications) are intended for ALL human beings, regardless of race, geographical location, skin colour, language, culture, gender, sexual orientation - and include all who are differently abled - without prejudice. GENOCIDE ought never to be permitted to ‘fly BENEATH the radar’ of human right;

h) while the world concentrates tremendous efforts to combat international terrorism (and quite rightly so) why is it so seemingly difficult to recognize and bring to book, those who have already carried out terrible acts of genocide in concentration camps (and elsewhere) in the middle of Europe in the 20th century? Why is it so seemingly difficult to simply establish of a ‘Day of Remembrance’ for all victims - in this case - the past and present inhabitants of Srebrenica”?

Carole Hodge, Post Genocide Education Foundation

Amongst major world powers, Canada has enjoyed a relatively good reputation on human rights, other than in regard to the Bosnian war. The decision of Prime Minister Stephen Harper not to recognise the Srebrenica genocide is, sadly, consistent with Canada’s position under PM Brian Mulroney during the Bosnian war but, in denying the judgments at the UN Tribunal and the International Court of Justice, brings into question Canada’s overall international standing on human rights issue”’.

Greg Stanton, Chair, International Campaign to End Genocide

I don’t understand how Prime Minister Harper could oppose remembrance of what has already been declared genocide by the ICTY”.

Smail Cekic, Professor at the Faculty of political science and Director of the Institute for Research of Crimes Against Humanity and International Law, University of Sarajevo

Institute for Research of Crimes against Humanity and International Law, University of Sarajevo with regret received information from Professor Emir Ramic, Director of the Institute for Research of Genocda Canada that Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper denied the relevant historical facts about the events in the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina at the end of the twentieth century, and especially aggression against the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the genocide against Bosniaks. Institute is an autonomous scientific and research institution, a member of the University of Sarajevo. The study of genocide and other forms of crimes against humanity and international law as the most dangerous asocial phenomena detrimental to the society, is one of the most humane social activities, because the facts of the worst violations of international humanitarian law, which explores the Institute are enough warnings on the negative social and devastating phenomenon. In this sense, Institute wants to warn the Canadian prime minister of essential facts about the events in Bosnia and Herzegovina at the end of the 20th Century, based on which he needs to change its decision: Numerous relevant sources of different provenance reliably suggest the two initial and basic, essential fundamental settings and provisions for the contemporary events and episodes in the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina at the end of XX century:

Numerous relevant sources of different provenance reliably suggest the two initial and basic, essential fundamental settings and provisions for the contemporary events and episodes in the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina at the end of XX century:

First, a classic armed aggression was conducted against the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, that is, it was crime against peace and safety of mankind which is according to the basic understanding and definition an international armed conflict and

Second, the worst crimes – crime of genocide was committed in the territory of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina against Bosniacs under siege.

Considering previously mentioned basic assumptions, it is necessary, for the purpose of historic truth, to remind of the relevant facts determine based on the original and relevant documentation:

- Serbian Nazism again – during the last decade of XX century – generated the gravest crimes known to the mankind;

- Serbian nationalistic elite (political, intellectual, and clerical), in accordance with the great Serbian project of great Serbia (“all Serbs in one state“), during the last decade of XX century, caused an internal crisis in SFRY and destroyed the common state;

- The Republic of Serbia, by the Amendments to the Constitution of 28 September, practically made the cessation (from SFRY) and took over the functions of independent and sovereign state, by which it was excluded from the legal system of SFRY, which based on the SFRY laws constituted the gravest criminal offense;

- The aggression against the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and genocide against Bosniacs make the essence of joint criminal enterprise conducted by the states of FRY (Serbia and Montenegro) and the Republic of Croatia, their leadership, and numerous top representatives of their respective political, military, police and administration, as well as their fifth column, collaborationists and mercenaries;

- The intention of that criminal act, based in the Serbian and Croatian project of great state, had for its objective taking over of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina as the state, and “final solution” for the Muslim issue – extermination of Bosniacs or their limitation to an insignificant ethnic group. The fifth column from Bosnia and Herzegovina (“Croatian Community Herzeg Bosnia”, “Republika Srpska” and “Autonomous Province of Western Bosnia”) and from the Republic of Croatia (“Republic of Serbian Krajina”) joined obediently, as associates and executors, the function of these criminal activities;

- To achieve this joint criminal enterprise, the following activities were undertaken: the Constitutional concept of the defense of SFRY was destroyed; the Territorial defense of Bosnia and Herzegovina was reduced and disarmed as well as some other constitutive elements of the Federation; JNA “transformed” from antifascist and multiethnic to the great Serbian army; the great Serbian and great Croatian movements were renewed and they escalated; the methods, mechanisms, and procedures for planning and preparation of the crimes were defined; the principle agreement on the destruction of Bosnia and Herzegovina (March 1991) was reached; new borders of great Serbia and great Croatia were drawn; the fifth column of the neighboring countries was organized and armed (great Serbian and great Croatian) in Bosnia and Herzegovina; the command in the occupied territories was united in the heads of neighboring countries – occupational forces; the initial positions for the aggression were taken as well as for other criminal activities, including genocide against Bosniacs;

- The aggression against Bosnia and Herzegovina and genocide against Bosniacs were planned (intellectually, ideologically, politically, militarily, economically, media, intelligence, psychologically, etc), with clearly set objective, and ordered from the respective political and military centers, and executed as planned, systematically, and well organized. The state aggressors, then ideologists, planners, order issuing authorities, executors, and associates are well known, and also how these crimes were committed and why;

- The genocide against Bosniacs in Bosnia and Herzegovina was well envisaged and executed even more efficiently, by, unfortunately, massive involvement of Serbian people. Based on the study of the Republika Srpska Government, more than 25,000 persons, participated (on various grounds and in various ways) only in the genocide against Bosniacs of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the UN safe heaven Srebrenica in July 1995;

- There was a genocidal criminal intention and genocidal plan for the extermination of Bosniacs, a group (ethnic and religious) protected by international humanitarian law (among other things, there are orders to commit genocide, including the establishment of the concentration camps). Slobodan Milošević was “a member of the joint criminal enterprise, which included the leadership of Bosnian Serbs, whose objective and intention were to destroy in part the Bosnian Muslims as a group” (ICTY, Prosecutor vs. Slobodan Milošević, Decision upon the Motion to render the acquittal, the Hague, 16 June 2021);

- The aggression against the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, along with embargo on weapons and humanitarian policy by the United Nations, Europe, and international community, and the international strategy of ignoring the great Serbian fascistic and genocidal project of great Serbia, was an integral part of the Milošević state policy, in which name the biggest portion of Bosnia and Herzegovina was occupied, Bosniacs killed, expelled, taken to the concentration camps because of their belonging, taking over of their land, looting of the property and other moveable items, and taking and confiscation of their houses and apartments, as well as eradication of the traces of their cultural and civilization heritage;

- Collaborationists of the great Serbian aggressor (political, military, police, and administrative-executive potential of Republika Srpska, that is, official Republika Srpska authorities) under the direct management, organization, command, participation and support of the states Serbia and Montenegro / Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which occupied more than 70% of the territory of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, took part in genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes against Bosniacs;

- Fascist and genocidal leadership of the collaborationist creation of Republika Srpska, with Radovan Karadžić, Momčilo Krajišnik, Biljana Plavšić and others at its top, generated by the Serbian Nazism and on bones of the killed Bosniacs inaugurated a genocidal creation called a Republic, had a genocidal intention and genocidal plan to exterminate Bosniacs that were subjected to genocide;

- In addition to the military and police forces of the collaborationist, fascist, and genocidal Republika Srpska Army and Republika Srpska Krajina Army, the armed forces of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Yugoslav Army and the Republic o Serbia Ministry of the Interior) participated in the take over of Srebrenica, United Nations safe heaven, and genocide against Bosniacs in July 1995. Thus, as an illustration, members of the Yugoslav Army and the special units of the Serbian Ministry of the Interior took part in the execution of the captured Bosniacs;

- Genocide against Bosniacs was carried out continuously, with major or minor oscillations by the end of 1995, in accordance with the great Serbian genocidal ideology, policy, and practice, following the model of fascism and Nazism, irrespective of the number of the killed. The biggest slaughters were in the regions of around ten municipalities with the Bosniac majority in Podrinje, Bosanska posavina, Potkozarje, and along the Sana valley. Mass graves concentration camps were relevant indicators of the aggression and the execution of its main intention – biological and spiritual extermination of Bosniacs, that is, genocide against that people;

- Genocide against Bosniacs is still concealed, minimized, and/or contested, including Judgments by the international (ICTY and ICJ) and national (Federal Republic of Germany and Bosnia and Herzegovina) criminal courts, as well as results of the Commission for the Research of the Events in and around Srebrenica from 10 to 19 July 2021 by the Republika Srpska Government and the Working Group for the Implementation of Conclusions from the Final Report of the Commission for the Research of Events in and around Srebrenica from 10 to 19 July 1995;

- The victims of genocide have been permanently and continuously equalized, which is unacceptable (it has been talked more and more about crimes on all “sides”, by which genocide and other forms of crimes against humanity and international law reduced to war crimes only, which, least to say, insults the scholars of these crimes, particularly the victims of genocide), and the qualification is given to this important issue, judgmentally and in a wrong way, such as the character of crime, which finally does not correspond the state of facts and it is in contravention of the relevant documentation;

- We are witnesses, unfortunately, of frequent manipulation of the victims of genocide in Bosnian and Herzegovina at the end of XX century, in which particularly active were the pseudo scholars. The holders of the manipulation are different and versatile, individuals, groups, various associations, institutions, and others, whose interests and objectives are very different and difficult to be articulated, detected, identified, established, and formulated in a unique manner. We have identified them as not well intentioned, counterproductive, and with hidden agenda, with potentially long-lasting harmful implications for Bosnia and Herzegovina as the state and all of its citizens, irrespective of their national, religious, or political background. The basis for this qualification stem from the fact that the so-called studies have not been organized or executed on a scientific ground or scientifically defined procedure, by which the process is defined – from the research idea to the establishment of the results of a scientific research and their potential application in a scientific and social practice. It is well known that there is only one truth, and the objective of science is a scientific truth, reachable only by the application of scientific methods;

- The criminal prosecution of genocide and other forms of crimes against humanity and international law before the courts in Bosnia and Herzegovina has been continuously obstructed, least to say, whereby we have the forces on the stage which, instead of gravity of the crimes, character, status and number of victims, choose cases based on the ethnic background of the victims, for the purpose of making balance among the crimes committed against three peoples (Bosniacs, Serbs, and Croats) and the pronouncement of the victim of genocide – criminal; moreover, they want to change, through the procedure, the character of “conflict” and the character of crimes in Bosnia and Herzegovina, so that the international armed conflict, that is, the aggression, could be qualified as a civil war and the crime of genocide as an “ethnic cleansing”;

- The planners, order issuing authorities, participants, accessories, co-perpetrators, and perpetrators of genocide are in the great Serbian ideology, politics and practice the biggest heroes in the Serbian people (in science, culture, art, education), who live unpunished and enjoy, unfortunately, in the results of genocide while mocking with the victims of those crimes;

- The Serbian people and its political and scientific elite have not distanced from the committed genocide, let alone that they apologized to victims or asked for the forgiveness offering the hand of reconciliation. Instead, they keep denying genocide and they transfer responsibility to the victim of genocide, and fabricate and forge the historic facts such as, for example, “thesis” that the legitimate authorities of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina expelled Serbs from Sarajevo, including “more than 650 University professors and assistants”;

- Entity Republika Srpska is a genocidal creation of the great Serbian Nazism, created on grave violations of international humanitarian law, marked and soaked mainly in Bosniac blood and bordered and covered with numerous mass graves and concentration camps, in which fascistic organization legally operate. This genocidal creation was legalized by the so-called international community and it established the creation as a Constitutional category. Political leadership and other structures of Republika Srpska, in accordance with great Serbian genocidal ideology, policy, and practice, obstruct in all possible ways the strengthening of Bosnia and Herzegovina as the state, and they keep pursuing the policy of cessation, destruction and annulling of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

These are only the most basic facts, deeply engraved in the mind of all the survivors of genocide and other forms of crimes against humanity and international law, and they constitute part of social reality, and as such they by all means try to maintain (live and legal) the Nazi projects that finally imply permanent instability of Bosnia and Herzegovina, deny the political-legal and state continuity of Bosnia and Herzegovina, deny the possibility of common living and affirm this position, raising most serious doubts into the universal human values, freedoms and rights, civilization, and cultural legacy.

It is the time indeed, and the necessity to unify and ally all the antifascists and the antifascist forces to fight for the sustainability of human dignity in Bosnia and Herzegovina”.

Professor Esad Durakovic, PhD, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Sarajevo:

I am deeply embittered and strongly condemn the veto, by Mr. Stephen Harper, Prime Minister of Canada, upon the Resolution in the Parliament of Canada with respect to genocide in Srebrenica. That act is clearly goes against humanism and is politically wrong. The genocide in Srebrenica has been judicially proven by the International Court of Justice and therefore Mr. Harper’s veto is an act which is conflict with the international law and order. It is unfathomable and unacceptable that persons in high offices offer amnesty to the judicially affirmed mass crime of highest proportions. With this act future mass crimes have now been made possible”.

Professor Senadin Lavic, PhD, President of “Preporod”:

Genocide in Srebrenica has been judicially proven. With this letter we express our support to the Congress of North American Bosniaks, Canada Branch, and to Institute of |Research of Genocide Canada and to all Bosniaks in North America. We ask of you to continue your struggle in representing the interests of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina and to continue insisting upon the Srebrenica Resolution. The persecution of Srebrenica during the war against Bosnia and Herzegovina has continued beyond July of 1995 by way of shameless actions of people who attempt to use the Srebrenica genocide to further their own political and ideological agendas. On June 18, 2010, Prime Minister of Canada, Stephen Harper, denied the crime of genocide upon the Bosniaks of Srebrenica by refusing a motion that July 11th be recognized in Canada as Day of Remembrance of the victims of genocide in Srebrenica. Majority of political parties represented in the Parliament of Canada have accepted to support the motion to proclaim July 11th as the Day of Remembrance of genocide in Srebrenica. The Conservative Party of Canada, acting below all levels of democracy and civility, led by Prime Minister Harper, put a condition on accepting the resolution by directly attacking the very being of Bosniaks. Mr. Harper and his followers have demanded of Canadian Bosniaks to strike from the resolution the national identifier Bosniak and that it be replaced by “the Bosnian people” so as to hide the identity of the victim. Further, the Conservatives have demanded that the number of victims be lowered from over 8,000 to under 7,000 and also that the term “genocide” be removed from the Resolution. It is necessary here to alert the public to the fact that the political mentor to Prime Minister Stephen Harper was one Brian Mulroney, former Prime Minister of Canada, who is otherwise known for having publicly proclaimed himself “the Serbian son” at the gathering of Serbian Chetnik extremists, on S.Vitus’ Day in July of 1992, in Hamilton, Ontario.

On July 11th, 1992, in Srebrenica, members of the Bosniak people were murdered. Bosniaks were murdered in Srebrenica! Murdered were people, citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and an independent European state, before the eyes of the whole world. Murdered were women and men, from newborns to elderly. Several thousand Serbs took part in that genocide. The crime was committed by the Greater Serbian barbarians who attempted to hide hundreds of mass graves all over the Podrinje Region. They are still doing it today. Bosniaks are still searching for the remains of their own and they are buying them in Potocari and other graves. The Greater Serbian Lobby, throughout the world, is also engaged in the crime committed. They are trying to hide the genocide which had been committed in the name of the Serbian people and thus render it irrelevant. In that way the genocide upon Bosniaks in Srebrenica and Bosnia and Herzegovina is being finalized. The only proper term for the crime perpetrated upon the Bosniaks in Srebrenica is genocide. No one has the right to negotiate that term and try to replace it with another which falsifies the contents of the crime perpetrated.

The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia has, in its deliberation in the “Krstic” case, unanimously ruled that the crime of genocide was perpetrated in Srebrenica. The International Court of Justice in The Hague, on February 26th, 2007, ruled that genocide was perpetrated in Srebrenica and that Serbia was legally bound to prevent that crime. In a civilized world judicial rulings are accepted with due respect and not negotiated upon. Judicial rulings are indubitable and binding. Judicial truths ought to be respected. That should be clear to Prime Minister of Canada, Stephen Harper, who apparently has become the speaker of the Greater Serbian Chetnik Lobby of Canada.

It is evident that the attempt at hiding and denying the Srebrenica genocide is part and parcel of the plans of those who have planned and executed genocide upon Bosniaks. The genocide in Srebrenica, in July of 1995, was perpetrated as it was planned and organized by the Greater Serbian aggressors against the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Milosevic regime in Belgrade was the fundamental force which acted in committing many crimes throughout the areas of the former Yugoslavia. All those who today deny the Srebrenica genocide make themselves accomplices in the Greater Serbian crime against the citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina and are including themselves among criminals and murderers. The Srebrenica genocide had been judicially proven and is not subject to any negotiations or political gamesmanship, as it is an affirmed absolute truth.

We ask the Canadian Bosniaks, and especially the esteemed members of Parliament, Hon. Francine Lalonde, Hon. Brian Masse, Hon. Robert Oliphant, Hon. Pierre Pettigrew, Hon. Lawrence Cannon, Hon. Jean Augustine and others to continue with their noble quest for truth and justice”.

Dennis Gratz, PhD:

I cannot help but characterize Prime Minister Harper’s veto upon Resolution on genocide in Srebrenica as shameful. I think that citizens of Canada have lost the opportunity to have their elected representatives express sympathy and show support for the victims and survivors, those who have lost their own in that horrific, ultimate crime. Prime Minister Harper’s response to the crime which in its essence threatens the whole of humanity is worthy of resentment yet we must keep in mind that his is an act of defeatism of an individual who does not represent the position and opinion of the Canadian people. It is now necessary to point to that and with joint forces, with those who are aware, who are progressive thinkers and politicians, who are intellectuals and social activists of renown, work so as to see the Resolution adopted and that Canada join other countries which have shown their morality, conscience and greatness by way of adopting the Resolution condemning the genocide upon the Bosniaks of Srebrenica. May the words of the great Edmund Burke always be a warning: “All that is necessary for the triumph of evil is that good men do nothing”.

Congress of North American Bosniaks

Congress of North American Bosniaks (CNAB) strongly condemns the shameful decision of the Canadian prime minister to veto a House of Commons motion M-416, agreed to by the Foreign Affairs Minister’s office and all opposition parties, which recognizes the Srebrenica genocide with a Remembrance Day. It is incomprehensible that the prime minister continues to ignore the voices of reason and insists on questioning the facts surrounding the Srebrenica Genocide which have been established on many occasions by the International Courts of Justice, the International Criminal Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia. In addition, the U.S. and the EU have both passed the Srebrenica Genocide resolutions and condemned the ethnic cleansing and genocide that took place in BiH during the 1990’s. Many cities in the United States and state governments in the US have started issuing resolutions and proclamation recognizing the importance of this day.

We call upon all the MPs of Canada to continue to push for justice for the victims. Preserving the facts and remembrance of the Srebrenica Genocide is the least that we can collectively do to ensure such attrocities do not occur again anywhere in the world. Canadian government has a historic opportunity to recognize genocide for what it is. Most Bosniak-Canadians are carrying physical and emotional scars from this genocide, and having a Srebrenica Remembrance day will help ease those scars and honor the victims.

Mr. Harper’s lack of acknowledgment of the importance of this motion sets a dangerous precedent of silent approval for those who seek to oppress and commit attrocities in the future. If Canada does not recognize the Srebrenica genocide as defined by the United Nations Charter it will continue to raise questions regarding Canada’s commitment and sincerity to promoting human rights and peace in the world. It will also send a clear signal to Canadian Bosniaks that despite their best efforts as citizens, the country they now call home is unwilling to support their loved ones who lost their lives in the worst atrocity in Europe since the Holocaust”.

Institute for the Research of Genocide Canada